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Mauritius

AGOA Status: Mauritius is eligible for AGOA this year. It also qualifies for textile and apparel benefits.

Trade Agreements: The U.S. and Mauritius signed a Trade & Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) in 2006. The third U.S.-Mauritian TIFA Council Meeting was held in April 2009. Later that year, the United States and Mauritius launched bilateral investment treaty negotiations.

Mauritius is also a member of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), which also has a TIFA with the U.S.

U.S.-Mauritius Trade Facts

In 2019, Mauritius GDP was an estimated $14.4 billion (current market exchange rates); real GDP was up by an estimated 3.5%; and the population was 1 million. (Source: IMF)

Mauritius is currently our 124th largest goods trading partner with $448 million in total (two way) goods trade during 2019. Goods exports totaled $103 million; goods imports totaled $344 million. The U.S. goods trade deficit with Mauritius was $241 million in 2019.

Exports

  • Mauritius was the United States' 151st largest goods export market in 2019.
  • U.S. goods exports to Mauritius in 2019 were $103 million, down 16.1% ($20 million) from 2018 but up 47.8% from 2009. 
  • The top export categories (2-digit HS) in 2019 were: mineral fuels ($58 million), machinery ($10 million), aircraft ($5 million), electrical machinery ($5 million), and optical and medical instruments ($4 million).
  • U.S. total exports of agricultural products to Mauritius totaled $3 million in 2019. Leading domestic export categories include: poultry meat & products (ex. eggs) ($2 million), prepared food ($497 thousand), tree nuts ($391 thousand), chocolate & cocoa products ($146 thousand), and planting seeds ($113 thousand).

Imports

  • Mauritius was the United States' 99th largest supplier of goods imports in 2019.
  • U.S. goods imports from Mauritius totaled $344 million in 2019, up 7.8% ($25 million) from 2018, and up 103.8% from 2009. 
  • The top import categories (2-digit HS) in 2019 were: woven apparel ($110 million), precious metal and stone (diamonds) ($97 million), prepared meat and fish (fish caviar) ($53 million), knit apparel ($31 million), and live animals (live reptiles including snakes and turtles) ($11 million).
  • U.S. total imports of agricultural products from Mauritius totaled $10 million in 2019. The leading category is: raw beet & cane sugar ($10 million).

Trade Balance

  • The U.S. goods trade deficit with Mauritius was $241 million in 2019, a 22.8% increase ($45 million) over 2018.

Investment

  • U.S. foreign direct investment (FDI) in Mauritius (stock) was $7.8 billion in 2019, a 20.1% decrease from 2018. There is no information on the distribution of U.S. FDI in Mauritius.
  • Mauritius's FDI in the United States (stock) was $4.7 billion in 2019, up 861.4% from 2018. There is no information on the distribution of Mauritius FDI in the U.S.

NOTE: No services trade data with Mauritius are available.