AGOA Status: On July 30, 2018, President Trump determined that Rwanda was out of compliance with AGOA’s eligibility requirements, and issued a proclamation suspending the application of duty-free treatment for all AGOA-eligible apparel products from Rwanda, effective July 31, 2018.

Trade Agreements: The U.S.-Rwanda Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT) was entered into force in January 2012. The negotiations toward the BIT were launched in 2007 as one outcome of the consultations under the 2006 United States-Rwanda Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA). The most recent U.S.-Rwanda TIFA Council meeting was held in Washington in December, 2011.

The U.S. also signed Trade and Investment Framework Agreements (TIFA) with the East African Community (EAC) in 2008, and with the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) in 2001. Rwanda is a member of both regional organizations. USTR’s Africa Office is also leading U.S. efforts to forge a new trade and investment partnership with the East African Community.

U.S.-Rwanda Trade Facts

Rwanda is currently our 172nd largest goods trading partner with $93 million in total (two way) goods trade during 2018. Goods exports totaled $25 million; goods imports totaled $67 million. The U.S. goods trade deficit with Rwanda was $42 million in 2018.

According to the Department of Commerce, U.S. exports of goods to Rwanda supported an estimated 59 jobs in 2015 (latest data available).


  • Rwanda was the United States' 183rd largest goods export market in 2018.
  • U.S. goods exports to Rwanda in 2018 were $25 million, down 61.8% ($41 million) from 2017 but up 23.4% from 2008. 
  • The top export categories (2-digit HS) in 2018 were: aircraft ($9 million), machinery ($4 million), vehicles ($2 million), special other (returns) ($2 million), and optical and medical instruments ($2 million).
  • U.S. total exports of agricultural products to Rwanda totaled $20 thousand in 2018.


  • Rwanda was the United States' 138th largest supplier of goods imports in 2018.
  • U.S. goods imports from Rwanda totaled $67 million in 2018, up 54.4% ($24 million) from 2017, and up 391.7% from 2008. 
  • The top import categories (2-digit HS) in 2018 were: ores, slag, and ash (tungsten) ($31 million), coffee, tea & spice (coffee) ($28 million), knit apparel ($3 million), leather products ($1 million), and vegetable saps and extracts (pectates) ($1 million).
  • U.S. total imports of agricultural products from Rwanda totaled $30 million in 2018. Leading categories include: coffee, unroasted ($27 million), tree nuts ($726 thousand), tea, including herb ($543 thousand), processed fruit & vegetables ($262 thousand), and roasted & instant coffee ($81 thousand).

Trade Balance

  • The U.S. trade balance with Rwanda shifted from a goods trade surplus of $22 million in 2017 to a goods trade deficit of $42 million in 2018.


  • U.S. foreign direct investment (FDI) in Rwanda (stock) was $11 million in 2017, unchanged from 2016. There is no information on the distribution of U.S. FDI in Rwanda. 

  • No data on Rwanda's FDI in the U.S. are available. There is no information on the distribution of Rwanda FDI in the U.S.  

NOTE: No services trade data with Rwanda are available.