You are here


Ghana Flag

AGOA Status: Ghana is eligible for AGOA this year. It also qualifies for textile and apparel benefits.

Trade Agreements: The U.S. and Ghana signed a Trade & Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) in 1999. The fifth U.S.-Ghanaian TIFA Council Meeting was held in January 2008. Later that year, the United States and Mauritius launched bilateral investment treaty negotiations. That year, the U.S. and Ghana also opened exploratory discussions on the possibility of negotiating a bilateral investment treaty (BIT).

U.S. - Ghana Trade Facts

Ghana is currently our 89th largest goods trading partner with $1.2 billion in total (two way) goods trade during 2016. Goods exports totaled $832 million; goods imports totaled $321 million. The U.S. goods trade surplus with Ghana was $511 million in 2016. 

According to the Department of Commerce, U.S. exports of goods to Ghana supported an estimated 5 thousand jobs in 2015 (latest data available). 


  • Ghana was the United States' 81st largest goods export market in 2016.

  • U.S. goods exports to Ghana in 2016 were $832 million, down 12.4% ($118 million) from 2015 but up 187.4% from 2006.  

  • The top export categories (2-digit HS) in 2016 were: vehicles ($178 million), machinery ($139 million), electrical machinery ($78 million), mineral fuels ($66 million), and aircraft ($63 million).

  • U.S. total exports of agricultural products to Ghana totaled $70 million in 2016. Leading domestic export categories include: poultry meat & prods. (ex. eggs) ($42 million), processed vegetables ($7 million), prepared food ($4 million), soybean meal ($3 million), and rice ($2 million). 


  • Ghana was the United States' 96th largest supplier of goods imports in 2016.

  • U.S. goods imports from Ghana totaled $321 million in 2016, up 3.8% ($12 million) from 2015, and up 67.1% from 2006.  

  • The top import categories (2-digit HS) in 2016 were: cocoa ($226 million), mineral fuels ($23 million), wood and wood products ($15 million), precious metal and stone (gold) ($11 million), and vegetables (yams) ($8 million).

  • U.S. total imports of agricultural products from Ghana totaled $250 million in 2016. Leading categories include: cocoa beans ($181 million), cocoa paste & cocoa butter ($45 million), fresh vegetables ($8 million), tree nuts ($8 million), and other vegetable oils ($2 million). 

Trade Balance

  • The U.S. goods trade surplus with Ghana was $511 million in 2016, a 20.3% decrease ($130 million) over 2015. 


  • U.S. foreign direct investment (FDI) in Ghana (stock) was $2.9 billion in 2016. 

  • No data on Ghana's FDI in the U.S. are available. The distribution of Ghana FDI in the United States is not available. 

NOTE: No services trade data with Ghana are available.