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Ethiopia

Ethiopia Flag

AGOA Status: Ethiopia is eligible for AGOA this year. It also qualifies for textile and apparel benefits.

Trade Agreements: The U.S. and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), which includes Ethiopia, signed a Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) in 2001.

U.S. - Ethiopia Trade Facts

Ethiopia is currently our 87th largest goods trading partner with $1.2 billion in total (two way) goods trade during 2017. Goods exports totaled $877 million; goods imports totaled $291 million. The U.S. goods trade surplus with Ethiopia was $586 million in 2017.

According to the Department of Commerce, U.S. exports of goods to Ethiopia supported an estimated 8 thousand jobs in 2015 (latest data available).

Exports

  • Ethiopia was the United States' 82nd largest goods export market in 2017.

  • U.S. goods exports to Ethiopia in 2017 were $877 million, up 6.2% ($51 million) from 2016 and up 423.7% from 2007.  

  • The top export categories (2-digit HS) in 2017 were: aircraft ($654 million), cereals (wheat) ($65 million), machinery ($26 million), electrical machinery ($22 million), and vegetables (legums) ($22 million).

  • U.S. total exports of agricultural products to Ethiopia totaled $109 million in 2017. Leading domestic export categories include: wheat ($62 million), pulses ($22 million), vegetable oils (ex. soybean) ($19 million), coarse grains (ex. corn) ($3 million), and prepared food ($685 thousand). 

Imports

  • Ethiopia was the United States' 102nd largest supplier of goods imports in 2017.

  • U.S. goods imports from Ethiopia totaled $291 million in 2017, up 23.4% ($55 million) from 2016, and up 230.3% from 2007.

  • The top import categories (2-digit HS) in 2017 were: coffee, tea & spice (coffee) ($147 million), knit apparel ($36 million), footwear ($29 million), special other (returns) ($24 million), and miscellaneous grain, seeds, fruit (oleaginous nut) ($18 million). 

  • U.S. total imports of agricultural products from Ethiopia totaled $174 million in 2017. Leading categories include: coffee, unroasted ($147 million), nursery products ($5 million), spices ($1 million), planting seeds ($502 thousand), and wine and beer ($343 thousand).

Trade Balance

  • The U.S. goods trade surplus with Ethiopia was $586 million in 2017, a 0.7% decrease ($4 million) over 2016. 

Investment

  • Data on U.S. FDI in Ethiopia are unavailable. There is no information on the distribution of U.S. FDI in Ethiopia. 

  • Ethiopia's FDI in the United States (stock) was $4 million in 2017. There is no information on the distribution of Ethiopia FDI in the U.S.  

NOTE: No services trade data with Ethiopia are available.