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Ethiopia

Ethiopia Flag

AGOA Status: Ethiopia is eligible for AGOA this year. It also qualifies for textile and apparel benefits.

Trade Agreements: The U.S. and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), which includes Ethiopia, signed a Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) in 2001.

U.S. - Ethiopia Trade Facts

Ethiopia is currently our 92nd largest goods trading partner with $1.1 billion in total (two way) goods trade during 2016. Goods exports totaled $827 million; goods imports totaled $236 million. The U.S. goods trade surplus with Ethiopia was $591 million in 2016. 

According to the Department of Commerce, U.S. exports of goods to Ethiopia supported an estimated 8 thousand jobs in 2015 (latest data available). 

Exports

  • Ethiopia was the United States' 82nd largest goods export market in 2016.

  • U.S. goods exports to Ethiopia in 2016 were $827 million, down 46.8% ($728 million) from 2015 but up 502.7% from 2006.  

  • The top export categories (2-digit HS) in 2016 were: aircraft ($450 million), cereals (wheat) ($97 million), special other (articles donated for relief) ($94 million), machinery ($50 million), and vegetables (peas) ($38 million).

  • U.S. total exports of agricultural products to Ethiopia totaled $149 million in 2016. Leading domestic export categories include: wheat ($94 million), pulses ($36 million), vegetable oils (ex. soybean) ($11 million), prepared food ($3 million), and dairy products ($1 million). 

Imports

  • Ethiopia was the United States' 104th largest supplier of goods imports in 2016.

  • The top import categories (2-digit HS) in 2016 were: coffee, tea & spice (coffee) ($99 million), miscellaneous grain, seeds, fruit (niger seeds) ($31 million), knit apparel ($28 million), special other (returns) ($26 million), and footwear ($23 million).

  • U.S. total imports of agricultural products from Ethiopia totaled $140 million in 2016. Leading categories include: coffee, unroasted ($98 million), nursery products ($6 million), spices ($2 million), wine and beer ($408 thousand), and rubber & allied products ($329 thousand). 

Trade Balance

  • The U.S. goods trade surplus with Ethiopia was $591 million in 2016, a 52.5% decrease ($654 million) over 2015. 

Investment

  • Data on U.S. FDI in Ethiopia are unavailable. 

  • No data on Ethiopia's FDI in the U.S. are available.  

NOTE: No services trade data with Ethiopia are available.