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Ethiopia

AGOA Status: Ethiopia is eligible for AGOA this year. It also qualifies for textile and apparel benefits.

Trade Agreements: The U.S. and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), which includes Ethiopia, signed a Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) in 2001.

U.S. - Ethiopia Trade Facts

Ethiopia is currently our 82nd largest goods trading partner with $1.8 billion in total (two way) goods trade during 2018. Goods exports totaled $1.3 billion; goods imports totaled $445 million. The U.S. goods trade surplus with Ethiopia was $866 million in 2018.

According to the Department of Commerce, U.S. exports of goods to Ethiopia supported an estimated 8 thousand jobs in 2015 (latest data available).

Exports

  • Ethiopia was the United States' 74th largest goods export market in 2018.
     
  • U.S. goods exports to Ethiopia in 2018 were $1.3 billion, up 49.4% ($434 million) from 2017 and up 334.7% from 2008. 
     
  • The top export categories (2-digit HS) in 2018 were: aircraft ($1.1 billion), cereals (wheat) ($51 million), machinery ($40 million), electrical machinery ($32 million), and special other (returns) ($26 million).
     
  • U.S. total exports of agricultural products to Ethiopia totaled $79 million in 2018. Leading domestic export categories include: wheat ($50 million), pulses ($12 million), vegetable oils (ex. soybean) ($11 million), dairy products ($1 million), and coarse grains (ex. corn) ($891 thousand).

Imports

  • Ethiopia was the United States' 97th largest supplier of goods imports in 2018.
     
  • U.S. goods imports from Ethiopia totaled $445 million in 2018, up 52.6% ($153 million) from 2017, and up 192.2% from 2008. 
     
  • The top import categories (2-digit HS) in 2018 were: coffee, tea & spice (coffee) ($140 million), special other (returns) ($70 million), knit apparel ($61 million), woven apparel ($51 million), and footwear ($35 million).
     
  • U.S. total imports of agricultural products from Ethiopia totaled $168 million in 2018. Leading categories include: coffee, unroasted ($139 million), nursery products ($5 million), spices ($3 million), planting seeds ($481 thousand), and wine and beer ($423 thousand).

Trade Balance

  • The U.S. goods trade surplus with Ethiopia was $866 million in 2018, a 47.9% increase ($280 million) over 2017.

Investment

  • Data on U.S. FDI in Ethiopia are unavailable. There is no information on the distribution of U.S. FDI in Ethiopia.
     
  • Ethiopia's FDI in the United States (stock) was $4 million in 2017 (latest data available). There is no information on the distribution of Ethiopia FDI in the U.S.

NOTE: No services trade data with Ethiopia are available.