Additional Duties on Certain Products from the United States

Status: Pending

Subject: GATT 1994,

Respondent: Turkey

Complainant(s): United States,

Third Parties: Brazil, Canada, Guatemala, Mexico, Venezuela, China, Chinese Taipei, European Union, Norway, Russian Federation, Switzerland, Ukraine, Japan, India, Kazakhstan, Indonesia, New Zealand, Singapore, Thailand,

Dispute Number: DS561

Link to Dispute Site:

On July 16, 2018, the United States requested consultations with Turkey concerning the imposition by Turkey of additional duties with respect to certain products originating in the United States.

The United States claimed that the measures appear to be inconsistent with:

• Articles I:1, II:1(a), and II:1(b) of the GATT 1994.

On October 18, 2018, the United States requested additional consultations that supplemented its consultations request of July 16, 2018. The United States referred to the amendment of the additional duties measure, through which Turkey increased the rates of duty for 21 out of the 22 tariff lines concerned by the additional duties measure. The United States maintained that Turkey had not imposed the increased rates of duty on any other WTO Member and that such increase in rates of duty further exceed those set out in Turkey's schedule of concessions beyond what was originally imposed.

On December 20, 2018, the United States requested the establishment of a panel. At its meeting on January 11, 2019, the DSB deferred the establishment of a panel.

At its meeting on January 28, 2019, the DSB established a panel. Brazil, Canada, China, the European Union, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, the Russian Federation, Singapore, Switzerland, Chinese Taipei, Thailand, Ukraine and Venezuela reserved their third-party rights.

On February 18, 2019, the United States requested the Director-General to compose the panel. On February 28, 2019, the Director-General composed the panel.

In June 2023, the United States and India reached understandings with respect to the termination of this dispute and market access related to certain products of significance to our bilateral trade relationship. The Exchange of Letters between the United States and India is available here.


Panel Proceedings
Brief Date Brief Description
12/04/2020 U.S. Answers to Advance Panel Questions
03/17/2020 U.S. Second Written Submission
01/30/2020 U.S. Answers to Panel Questions (First Set)

Closing Statement of the United States at the First Panel Meeting

10/03/2019 Opening Statement of the United States at the First Panel Meeting
05/02/2019 U.S. First Written Submission
03/13/2019 U.S. Letter Request to Turkey Regarding Open Meetings and Non-Confidential Summaries