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Importation of Horticultural Products, Animals and Animal Products


Key Facts

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Short Title: Importation of Horticultural Products, Animals and Animal Products
Respondent: Indonesia
Third Parties: Brazil; Canada; Paraguay; China; Chinese Taipei; European Union; Norway; Japan; Korea; India; Australia; Thailand;
Complaintant(s): United States;
Dispute Number: DS478
Link to Dispute Site: https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/dispu_e/cases_e/ds478_e.htm
Dispute Subject(s): Quantitative Restrictions, Agriculture, Import Licensing;
Dispute Status: Pending


On May 8, 2014, the United States requested consultations with Indonesia concerning certain measures it imposes on the importation of horticultural products, animals and animal products. The United States claims that the measures are inconsistent with:

• Article XI:1 of the GATT 1994;

• Article 4.2 of the Agreement on Agriculture; and

• Article 3.2, 5.1 and 5.2 of the Import Licensing Agreement

On March 18, 2015, the United States requested the establishment of a panel. At its meeting on May 20, 2015, the DSB established a single panel pursuant to Article 9.1 of the DSU to examine this dispute and the complaint by New Zealand in Indonesia – Import Measures (NZ) (DS477). Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, the European Union, India, Japan, Korea, Norway, Paraguay, Singapore, Chinese Taipei, and Thailand reserved their third-party rights. On September 28, 2015, the United States requested the Director-General to compose the panel. On October 8, 2015, the Director-General composed the panel.

Panel Proceedings
Brief Date Brief Description
05/17/2016 U.S. Second Executive Summary
04/14/2016 U.S. Closing Statement at the Second Panel Meeting
04/13/2016 U.S. Opening Statement at the Second Panel Meeting
03/10/2016 U.S. Comments on Additional Responses of Indonesia to the Panel’s First Set of Questions to the Parties
03/02/2016 U.S. Second Written Submission
02/17/2016 U.S. Responses to the Panel’s First Set of Questions to the Parties
02/01/2016 U.S. Opening Statement at the First Panel Meeting
11/13/2015 First Written Submission of the United States
Appellate Proceedings
Brief Date Brief Description
08/28/2017 U.S. Opening Statement at the Appellate Body Hearing
03/07/2017 U.S. Appellee Submission
03/07/2017 Executive Summary of U.S. Appellee Submission