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Bahrain

U.S.-Bahrain Trade Facts

Note: FTA Entered into force August 1, 2006 

In 2019, Bahrain GDP was an estimated $38.2 billion (current market exchange rates); real GDP was up by an estimated 1.8%; and the population was 2 million. (Source: IMF)

U.S. goods and services trade with Bahrain totaled an estimated $4.0 billion in 2019. Exports were $2.1 billion; imports were $1.8 billion. The U.S. goods and services trade surplus with Bahrain was $297 million in 2019.

Bahrain is currently our 76th largest goods trading partner with $2.5 billion in total (two way) goods trade during 2019. Goods exports totaled $1.4 billion; goods imports totaled $1.0 billion. The U.S. goods trade surplus with Bahrain was $357 million in 2019.

Trade in services with Bahrain (exports and imports) totaled an estimated $1.5 billion in 2019. Services exports were $735 million; services imports were $795 million. The U.S. services trade deficit with Bahrain was $60 million in 2019.

Exports

  • Bahrain was the United States' 7st largest goods export market in 2019.

  • U.S. goods exports to Bahrain in 2019 were $1.4 billion, down 31.1% ($636 million) from 2018 but up 110.8% from 2009. U.S. exports to Bahrain are up 301% from 2005 (pre-FTA).

  • The top export categories (2-digit HS) in 2019 were: aircraft ($503 million), special other (returns) ($261 million), machinery ($154 million), vehicles ($118 million), and electrical machinery ($56 million).

  • U.S. total exports of agricultural products to Bahrain totaled $69 million in 2019. Leading domestic export categories include: tree nuts ($11 million), dairy products ($7 million), beef & beef products ($7 million), cotton ($6 million), and prepared food ($6 million).

  • U.S. total exports of agricultural products to Bahrain totaled $69 million in 2019. Leading domestic export categories include: tree nuts ($11 million), dairy products ($7 million), beef and beef products ($7 million), cotton ($6 million), and prepared food ($6 million).

Imports

  • Bahrain was the United States' 76th largest supplier of goods imports in 2019.

  • U.S. goods imports from Bahrain totaled $1.0 billion in 2019, up 5.9% ($59 million) from 2018, and up 126% from 2009. U.S. imports from Bahrain are up 143% from 2005 (pre-FTA).

  • The top import categories(2-digit HS) in 2019 were: aluminum ($730 million), mineral fuels ($134 million), miscellaneous textile articles ($65 million), special other (returns) ($32 million), and plastics ($31 million).

  • U.S. total imports of agricultural products from Bahrain totaled $1 million in 2019.

  • U.S. imports of services from Bahrain were an estimated $795 million in 2019, 1.0% ($8 million) less than 2018, but 30.0% less than 2009 levels. Leading services imports from Bahrain to the U.S. were in the telecommunications, computer, and information services, travel, and financial services sectors.

Trade Balance

  • U.S. foreign direct investment (FDI) in Bahrain (stock) was $510 million in 2019, a 15.4% increase from 2018. There is no information on the distribution of U.S. FDI in Bahrain.

  • No data on Bahrain's FDI in the U.S. are available. There is no information on the distribution of Bahrain FDI in the U.S.

Investment

  • U.S. foreign direct investment (FDI) in Bahrain (stock) was $510 million in 2019, a 15.4% increase from 2018. There is no information on the distribution of U.S. FDI in Bahrain.

  • No data on Bahrain's FDI in the U.S. are available. There is no information on the distribution of Bahrain FDI in the U.S.

  • Sales of services in Bahrain by majority U.S.-owned affiliates were $286 million in 2017 (latest data available). There were no sales of services in the United States by majority Bahrain owned firms in 2017.