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U.S.-Egypt Trade Facts

In 2016, Egypt GDP was an estimated $332.3 billion (current market exchange rates); real GDP was up by an estimated 4.3%; and the population was 90 million. (Source: IMF)

Egypt is currently our 61st largest goods trading partner with $5.0 billion in total (two way) goods trade during 2016. Goods exports totaled $3.5 billion; goods imports totaled $1.5 billion. The U.S. goods trade surplus with Egypt was $2.0 billion in 2016.

According to the Department of Commerce, U.S. exports of Goods to Egypt supported an estimated 25 thousand jobs in 2015 (latest data available).

Exports

  • Egypt was the United States' 49th largest goods export market in 2016.

  • U.S. goods exports to Egypt in 2016 were $3.5 billion, down 26.8% ($1.3 billion) from 2015 and down 13.6% from 2006.  

  • The top export categories (2-digit HS) in 2016 were: machinery ($673 million), mineral fuels ($325 million), vehicles ($311 million), aircraft ($202 million), and electrical machinery ($193 million).

  • U.S. total exports of agricultural products to Egypt totaled $748 million in 2016. Leading domestic export categories include: corn ($153 million), soybeans ($100 million), beef & beef products ($99 million), feeds & fodders nesoi ($79 million), and vegetable oils (ex. soybean) ($51 million).

Imports

  • Egypt was the United States' 67th largest supplier of goods imports in 2016.

  • U.S. goods imports from Egypt totaled $1.5 billion in 2016, up 6.2% ($87 million) from 2015, but down 37.7% from 2006.  

  • The top import categories (2-digit HS) in 2016 were: woven apparel ($350 million), knit apparel ($341 million), mineral fuels ($235 million), carpets and other textile coverings ($134 million), and art and antiques ($53 million).

  • U.S. total imports of agricultural products from Egypt totaled $111 million in 2016. Leading categories include: processed fruit & vegetables ($40 million), spices ($26 million), fruit & vegetable juices ($10 million), essential oils ($6 million), and tea, incl herb ($4 million).

Trade Balance

  • The U.S. goods trade surplus with Egypt was $2.0 billion in 2016, a 40.7% decrease ($1.4 billion) over 2015.

Investment

  • U.S. foreign direct investment (FDI) in Egypt (stock) was $22.2 billion in 2016, a 4.4% decrease from 2015. There is no information on the distribution of U.S. FDI in Egypt.

  • No data on Egypt's FDI in the U.S. are available. 

  • Sales of services in Egypt by majority U.S.-owned affiliates were $1.2 billion in 2014 (latest data available), while sales of services in the United States by majority Egypt-owned firms were $2 million.

NOTE: No Services trade data with Egypt are available