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Bahrain

U.S.-Bahrain Trade Facts

Note: FTA Entered into force August 1, 2006 

U.S. goods and services trade with Bahrain totaled an estimated $3.0 billion in 2016 (latest data available). Exports were $1.2 billion; imports were $1.8 billion. The U.S. goods and services trade deficit with Bahrain was $622 million in 2016.

Bahrain is currently our 80th largest goods trading partner with $1.9 billion in total (two way) goods trade during 2016. Goods exports totaled $898 million; goods imports totaled $996 million. The U.S. goods trade deficit with Bahrain was $98 million in 2016.

Trade in services with Bahrain totaled an estimated $1.3 billion in 2016 (latest data available). Services exports totaled $271 million; services imports totaled $1.0 billion. The U.S. services trade deficit with Bahrain was $753 million in 2016.

According to the Department of Commerce, U.S. exports of goods and services to Bahrain supported an estimated 7 thousand jobs in 2015 (latest data available) (5 thousand supported by goods exports and 2 thousand supported by services exports).

Exports

  • Bahrain was the United States' 80th largest goods export market in 2017.

  • U.S. goods exports to Bahrain in 2017 were $898 million, down 0.2% ($1 million) from 2016 but up 51.9% from 2007. U.S. exports to Bahrain are up 156% from 2005 (pre-FTA).

  • The top export categories (2-digit HS) in 2017 were: special other (low value estimate) ($202 million), machinery ($166 million), vehicles ($123 million), electrical machinery ($79 million), and aircraft ($62 million).

  • U.S. total exports of agricultural products to Bahrain totaled $75 million in 2017. Leading domestic export categories include: dairy products ($10 million), poultry meat & prods. (ex. eggs) ($9 million), prepared food ($8 million), beef & beef products ($7 million), and cotton ($6 million).

  • U.S. exports of services to Bahrain were an estimated $271 million in 2016 8.8% ($26 million) less than 2015.  Leading services exports from the U.S. to Bahrain were in the travel, financial services, and maintenance and repair services sectors.

Imports

  • Bahrain was the United States' 76th largest supplier of goods imports in 2017.

  • U.S. goods imports from Bahrain totaled $996 million in 2017, up 29.6% ($227 million) from 2016, and up 59% from 2007. U.S. imports from Bahrain are up 131% from 2005 (pre-FTA).

  • The top import categories (2-digit HS) in 2017 were: aluminum ($603 million), mineral fuels ($112 million), miscellaneous textile articles ($80 million), special other (returns) ($67 million), and iron and steel products ($39 million).

  • U.S. total imports of agricultural products from Bahrain totaled $928 thousand in 2017.

  • U.S. imports of services to Bahrain were an estimated $1.0 billion in 2016 7.2% ($80 million) less than 2015.  Leading services imports from Bahrain to the U.S. were in the telecommunications, computer, and information services, travel, and financial services sectors.

Trade Balance

  • The U.S. trade balance with Bahrain shifted from a goods trade surplus of $131 million in 2016 to a goods trade deficit of $98 million in 2017.

  • The United States has a services trade deficit of an estimated $753 million with Bahrain in 2016 (latest data available), up 0.8% from 2015.

Investment

  • U.S. foreign direct investment (FDI) in Bahrain (stock) was $423 million in 2017, a 10.4% increase from 2016. There is no information on the distribution of U.S. FDI in Bahrain.

  • Bahrain's FDI in the United States (stock) was $16 million in 2017. There is no information on the distribution of Bahrain FDI in the U.S.

  • Sales of services in Bahrain by majority U.S.-owned affiliates were $319 million in 2015 (latest data available), while sales of services in the United States by majority Bahrain-owned firms were $1.5 billion.