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Bahrain

U.S.-Bahrain Trade Facts

Note: FTA Entered into force August 1, 2006 

U.S. goods and services trade with Bahrain totaled an estimated $3.3 billion in 2017 (latest data available). Exports were $1.2 billion; imports were $2.0 billion. The U.S. goods and services trade deficit with Bahrain was $797 million in 2017.

Bahrain is currently our 75th largest goods trading partner with $3.0 billion in total (two way) goods trade during 2016. Goods exports totaled $2.0 billion; goods imports totaled $991 million. The U.S. goods trade surplus with Bahrain was $1.0 billion in 2016.

Trade in services with Bahrain (exports and imports) totaled an estimated $1.4 billion in 2017 (latest data available). Services exports were $344 million; services imports were $1.0 billion. The U.S. services trade deficit with Bahrain was $699 million in 2017.

According to the Department of Commerce, U.S. exports of goods and services to Bahrain supported an estimated 7 thousand jobs in 2015 (latest data available) (5 thousand supported by goods exports and 2 thousand supported by services exports).

Exports

  • Bahrain was the United States' 64th largest goods export market in 2018.

  • U.S. goods exports to Bahrain in 2018 were $2.0 billion, up 126.7% ($1.1 billion) from 2017 and up 145.5% from 2008. U.S. exports to Bahrain are up 481% from 2005 (pre-FTA).

  • The top export categories (2-digit HS) in 2018 were: aircraft ($955 million), machinery ($251 million), special other (low value estimates) ($247 million), vehicles ($136 million), and ships and boats ($86 million).

  • U.S. total exports of agricultural products to Bahrain totaled $79 million in 2018. Leading domestic export categories include: dairy products ($13 million), tree nuts ($10 million), beef & beef products ($8 million), prepared food ($8 million), and poultry meat & prods. (ex. eggs) ($6 million).

  • U.S. exports of services to Bahrain were an estimated $344 million in 2017 (latest data available), 27.4% ($74 million) more than 2016, and 20.2% less than 2007 levels. Leading services exports from the U.S. to Bahrain were in the maintenance and repair services, financial services, and travel sectors.

Imports

  • Bahrain was the United States' 78th largest supplier of goods imports in 2018.

  • U.S. goods imports from Bahrain totaled $991 million in 2018, down 0.5% ($5 million) from 2017, but up 84% from 2008. U.S. imports from Bahrain are up 130% from 2005 (pre-FTA).

  • The top import categories (2-digit HS) in 2018 were: aluminum ($669 million), mineral fuels ($126 million), miscellaneous textile articles ($78 million), special other (returns) ($38 million), and plastics ($20 million).

  • U.S. total imports of agricultural products from Bahrain totaled $813 thousand in 2018.

  • U.S. imports of services from Bahrain were an estimated $1.0 billion in 2017 (latest data available), 2.0% ($20 million) more than 2016, and 15.8% less than 2007 levels.  Leading services imports from Bahrain to the U.S. were in the telecommunications, computer, and information services, travel, and financial services sectors.

Trade Balance

  • The U.S. trade balance with Bahrain shifted from a goods trade deficit of $98 million in 2017 to a goods trade surplus of $1.0 billion in 2018.

  • The United States has a services trade deficit of an estimated $699 million with Bahrain in 2017 (latest data available), down 7.2% from 2016.

Investment

  • U.S. foreign direct investment (FDI) in Bahrain (stock) was $423 million in 2017, a 10.4% increase from 2016. There is no information on the distribution of U.S. FDI in Bahrain.

  • Bahrain's FDI in the United States (stock) was $16 million in 2017. There is no information on the distribution of Bahrain FDI in the U.S.

  • Sales of services in Bahrain by majority U.S.-owned affiliates were $270 million in 2016 (latest data available), while sales of services in the United States by majority Bahrain-owned firms were $1.4 billion.