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Mexico

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U.S.-Mexico Trade Facts

U.S. goods and services trade with Mexico totaled an estimated $579.7 billion in 2016. Exports were $262.0 billion; imports were $317.6 billion. The U.S. goods and services trade deficit with Mexico was $55.6 billion in 2016.

Mexico is currently our 3rd largest goods trading partner with $525.1 billion in total (two way) goods trade during 2016. Goods exports totaled $231.0 billion; goods imports totaled $294.2 billion. The U.S. goods trade deficit with Mexico was $63.2 billion in 2016.

Trade in services with Mexico (exports and imports) totaled an estimated $54.5 billion in 2016. Services exports were $31.1 billion; services imports were $23.5 billion. The U.S. services trade surplus with Mexico was $7.6 billion in 2016.

According to the Department of Commerce, U.S. exports of Goods and Services to Mexico supported an estimated 1.2 million jobs in 2015 (latest data available) (968 thousand supported by goods exports and 201 thousand supported by services exports).

Exports

  • Mexico was the United States' 2nd largest goods export market in 2016.
     
  • U.S. goods exports to Mexico in 2016 were $231.0 billion, down 2.0% ($4.8 billion) from 2015 but up 72.7% from 2006. U.S. exports to Mexico are up 455% from 1993 (pre-NAFTA). U.S. exports to Mexico account for 15.9% of overall U.S. exports in 2015.
     
  • The top export categories (2-digit HS) in 2016 were: machinery ($42 billion), electrical machinery ($41 billion), vehicles ($21 billion), mineral fuels ($20 billion), and plastics ($16 billion).
     
  • U.S. total exports of agricultural products to Mexico totaled $18 billion in 2016, our 3rd largest agricultural export market. Leading domestic export categories include: corn ($2.6 billion), soybeans ($1.5 billion), pork & pork products ($1.4 billion), dairy products ($1.2 billion), and beef & beef products ($975 million).
     
  • U.S. exports of services to Mexico were an estimated $31.1 billion in 2016, 1.4% ($441 million) less than 2015, but 30.5% greater than 2006 levels. It was up roughly 199% from 1993 (pre-NAFTA). Leading services exports from the U.S. to Mexico, in 2015, were in the travel, transport, and intellectual property (computer software, industrial processes) sectors.

Imports

  • Mexico was the United States' 2nd largest supplier of goods imports in 2016.
     
  • U.S. goods imports from Mexico totaled $294.2 billion in 2016, down 0.8% ($2.3 billion) from 2015, but up 48.4% from 2006. U.S. imports from Mexico are up 637% from 1993 (pre-NAFTA). U.S. imports from Mexico account for 13.4% of overall U.S. imports in 2015.
     
  • The top import categories (2-digit HS) in 2016 were: vehicles ($75 billion), electrical machinery ($62 billion), machinery ($51 billion), optical and medical instruments ($13 billion), and furniture and bedding ($11 billion).
     
  • U.S. total imports of agricultural products from Mexico totaled $23 billion in 2016, our 1st largest supplier of agricultural imports. Leading categories include: fresh vegetables ($5.6 billion), other fresh fruit ($4.9 billion), wine and beer ($3.1 billion), snack foods ($2.0 billion), and processed fruit & vegetables ($1.5 billion).
     
  • U.S. imports of services from Mexico were an estimated $23.5 billion in 2016, 7.0% ($1.5 billion) more than 2015, and 57.9% greater than 2006 levels. It was up roughly 216% from 1993 (pre-NAFTA). Leading services imports from Mexico to the U.S., in 2015, were in the travel, transport, and technical and other services sectors.

Trade Balance

  • The U.S. goods trade deficit with Mexico was $63.2 billion in 2016, a 4.2% increase ($2.5 billion) over 2015.
     
  • The United States has a services trade surplus of an estimated $7.6 billion with Mexico in 2016, down 20.7% from 2015.

Investment

  • U.S. foreign direct investment (FDI) in Mexico (stock) was $92.8 billion in 2015 (latest data available), a 3.5% increase from 2014. U.S. direct investment in Mexico is led by manufacturing, nonbank holding companies, and mining.
     
  • Mexico's FDI in the United States (stock) was $16.6 billion in 2015 (latest data available), up 0.2% from 2014. Mexico's direct investment in the U.S. is led by manufacturing, wholesale trade, and depository institutions.
     
  • Sales of services in Mexico by majority U.S.-owned affiliates were $45.9 billion in 2014 (latest data available), while sales of services in the United States by majority Mexico-owned firms were $8.5 billion.