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Pakistan

Pakistan FlagU.S.-Pakistan Trade Facts

In 2016, Pakistan GDP was an estimated $284.2 billion (current market exchange rates); real GDP was up by an estimated 4.7%; and the population was 193 million. (Source: IMF)

Pakistan is currently our 57th largest goods trading partner with $5.5 billion in total (two way) goods trade during 2016. Goods exports totaled $2.1 billion; goods imports totaled $3.4 billion. The U.S. goods trade deficit with Pakistan was $1.3 billion in 2016.

According to the Department of Commerce, U.S. exports of goods to Pakistan supported an estimated 10 thousand jobs in 2015 (latest data available).

Exports

  • Pakistan was the United States' 56th largest goods export market in 2016.
     
  • U.S. goods exports to Pakistan in 2016 were $2.1 billion, up 14.3% ($264 million) from 2015 and up 22.0% from 2006. 
     
  • The top export categories (2-digit HS) in 2016 were: machinery ($297 million), aircraft ($246 million), cotton ($203 million), iron and steel ($180 million), and miscellaneous grain, seeds, fruit (soybeans) ($135 million).
     
  • U.S. total exports of agricultural products to Pakistan totaled $621 million in 2016. Leading domestic export categories include: cotton ($202 million), soybeans ($128 million), tree nuts ($60 million), dairy products ($47 million), and coarse grains (ex. corn) ($42 million).

Imports

  • Pakistan was the United States' 53rd largest supplier of goods imports in 2016.
     
  • U.S. goods imports from Pakistan totaled $3.4 billion in 2016, down 6.9% ($255 million) from 2015, and down 6.2% from 2006. 
     
  • The top import categories (2-digit HS) in 2016 were: miscellaneous textile articles ($1.3 billion), knit apparel ($767 million), woven apparel ($519 million), leather products ($113 million), and cotton ($99 million).
     
  • U.S. total imports of agricultural products from Pakistan totaled $104 million in 2016. Leading categories include: sugars, sweeteners, bev bases ($30 million), rice ($27 million), spices ($15 million), processed fruit & vegetables ($6 million), and snack foods ($6 million).

Trade Balance

  • The U.S. goods trade deficit with Pakistan was $1.3 billion in 2016, a 27.8% decrease ($519 million) over 2015.

Investment

  • U.S. foreign direct investment (FDI) in Pakistan (stock) was $392 million in 2015 (latest data available), a 8.3% increase from 2014. There is no information on the distribution of U.S. FDI in Pakistan.
     
  • No data on Pakistan's FDI in the U.S. are available.

NOTE: No services trade data with Pakistan are available.

U.S. Goods Trade with Pakistan (in billions of dollars)

 

1995

2000

2006

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Total

2.1

2.6

5.4

5.8

5.2

5.3

5.2

5.5

5.5

Exports

0.9

0.5

1.7

2.0

1.5

1.6

1.5

1.8

2.1

Imports

1.2

2.2

3.7

3.8

3.6

3.7

3.7

3.7

3.4

Balance

-0.3

-1.7

-1.9

-1.8

-2.1

-2.0

-2.2

-1.9

-1.3

U.S. Agricultural Trade with Pakistan (in billions of dollars)

 

2006

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Total

0.2

0.6

0.4

0.5

0.4

0.6

0.7

Exports

0.2

0.5

0.3

0.4

0.3

0.4

0.6

Imports

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

Balance

0.1

0.4

0.2

0.3

0.1

0.3

0.5

U.S. Manufacturing Trade with Pakistan (in billions of dollars)

 

2006

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Total

5.1

5.2

4.6

4.7

4.6

4.9

4.7

Exports

1.5

1.4

1.0

1.1

1.0

1.3

1.3

Imports

3.6

3.8

3.6

3.6

3.6

3.6

3.3

Balance

-2.1

-2.4

-2.5

-2.5

-2.6

-2.3

-2.0

Last updated: February 15, 2017