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The Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures (the Subsidies Agreement) sets forth rules and procedures to govern the application of anti-subsidy or countervailing duty (CVD) measures by WTO Members with respect to subsidized imports. Countervailing duty measures may be applied if an actionable subsidy is found to cause material injury to a domestic industry. In CVD investigations conducted by the United States, the Department of Commerce investigates whether an actionable subsidy is being provided and the International Trade Commission examines whether a domestic industry is being injured by subsidized imports. See Industrial Subsidies for additional details on WTO subsidy rules.