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Chapter 31 Disputes

USMCA Chapter 31 (Dispute Settlement) establishes procedures for monitoring and enforcement of the modernized, high-standards rules of USMCA.  Under the USMCA’s revised dispute settlement procedures, the panel is established upon delivery of the request (Article 31.6.4).  
In 2020, the United States pursued its first action under USMCA Chapter 31.  In December 2020, the United States requested consultations with Canada regarding Canada’s administration of 14 of its dairy tariff-rate quotas (TRQs) that deny the ability of U.S. dairy farmers, workers, and exporters to utilize the TRQs and realize the full benefit of the USMCA.

The text of USMCA Chapter 31 is available here.

Canada – Dairy TRQs (United States)

U.S. Request for Consultations
U.S. Request for the Establishment of a Panel
U.S. Initial Written Submission
U.S. Rebuttal Submission
Opening Statement of the United States
Closing Statement of the United States
Final Panel Report

United States – Solar Safeguard (Canada)

U.S. Initial Written Submission
U.S. Rebuttal Written Submission
Opening Statement of the United States
Closing Statement of the United States
U.S. Responses to Questions from the Panel to the Parties
U.S. Comments on Canada’s Responses to Questions from the Panel to the Parties
Final Panel Report

United States – Auto ROO (Mexico)

A non-governmental entity seeking to file written views in this dispute shall file an application for leave by April 11, 2022.  All applications for leave should be submitted to the U.S. Section of the Secretariat at TradeAgreementsSecretariat@trade.gov.  Applicants should refer to the requirements in Article 20 of the USMCA Rules of Procedure for Chapter 31 (Dispute Settlement) available here.

U.S. Initial Written Submission
Opening Statement of the United States
Closing Statement of the United States
U.S. Rebuttal Submission 
Exhibit USA-27