China Trade & Investment Summary
U.S. goods and services trade with China totaled an estimated $758.4 billion in 2022. Exports were $195.5 billion; imports were $562.9 billion. The U.S. goods and services trade deficit with China was $367.4 billion in 2022.
U.S. goods exports to China in 2022 were $154.0 billion, up 1.7 percent ($2.6 billion) from 2021 and up 39 percent from 2012. U.S. goods imports from China totaled $536.3 billion in 2022, up 6.3 percent ($32.0 billion) from 2021, and up 26 percent from 2012. U.S. exports to China account for 7.5 percent of overall U.S. exports in 2022. The U.S. goods trade deficit with China was $382.3 billion in 2022, a 8.3 percent increase ($29.4 billion) over 2021.
U.S. exports of services to China were an estimated $41.5 billion in 2022, 5.2 percent ($2.1 billion) more than 2021, and 39 percent greater than 2012 levels. U.S. imports of services from China were an estimated $26.6 billion in 2022, 24.1 percent ($5.2 billion) more than 2021, and 97 percent greater than 2012 levels. Leading services exports from the U.S. to China were in the travel, intellectual property, and financial services sectors. The United States had a services trade surplus of an estimated $14.9 billion with China in 2022, down 17.3 percent from 2021.
U.S. foreign direct investment (FDI) in China (stock) was $126.1 billion in 2022, a 9.0 percent increase from 2021. U.S. direct investment in China is led by manufacturing, wholesale trade, and finance and insurance.
China's FDI in the United States (stock) was $28.7 billion in 2022, down 7.2 percent from 2021. China's direct investment in the U.S. is led by manufacturing, real estate, and depository institutions.