On February 18, 2022, the European Union requested consultations with China with regard to measures that allegedly adversely affect the protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights.

The European Union claimed that the measures at issue appear to be inconsistent with:

•    Articles 1.1, 28.1, 28.2, 41.1, and 44.1 of the TRIPS Agreement; and

•    Section 2(A)(2) of China's Accession Protocol.

The European Union also claimed that:

On December 12, 2022, China requested consultations with the United States with respect to certain measures of the United States related to trade in certain advanced computing semiconductor chips, supercomputer items, semiconductor manufacturing items and other items, as well as their related services and technologies destined for or in relation to China.

China claimed that the challenged measures appear to be inconsistent with:

On April 2, 2019, the European Union requested consultations with Turkey regarding various measures concerning the production, importation and marketing of pharmaceutical products. The measures identified by the European Union include the following alleged acts: a localization requirement, a technology transfer requirement, an import ban on localized products, and a prioritization measure.

The European Union claimed that:

•  The localization requirement and the prioritization measure appear to be inconsistent with Article III:4 of the GATT 1994.

On October 1, 2018, Qatar requested consultations with Saudi Arabia concerning Saudi Arabia’s alleged failure to provide adequate protection of intellectual property rights held by or applied for entities based in Qatar.  

Qatar claimed that the measures appear to be inconsistent with:

  • Articles 3.1, 4, 9, 14.3, 16.1, 41.1, 42, and 61 of the TRIPS Agreement.

On October 12, 2018, Russia requested to join the consultations.