Agricultural Products

On April 12, 2013, Guatemala requested consultations with Peru with respect to the imposition by Peru of an “additional duty” on imports of certain agricultural products, such as rice, sugar, maize, milk and certain dairy products.

Guatemala claims that the measure at issue is inconsistent with:


Complaint by Canada. 

On 9 April 2009, Canada requested consultations with Korea concerning measures affecting the importation of bovine meat and meat products from Canada.  According to Canada, since May 2003 Korea prohibits the importation of Canadian bovine meat and meat products.  The alleged objective of this prohibition would be that of protecting against risks arising from bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE).

Complaint by China.

On 17 April 2009, China requested consultations with the United States concerning certain measures taken by the United States affecting the import of poultry products from China.  The measure primarily at issue is Section 727 of the Omnibus Appropriations Act of 2009, which effectively prohibits the establishment or implementation of any measures that would allow Chinese poultry to be imported into the United States because it denies the use of any funding by USDA for this purpose.

Complaint by the United States.

On 17 December 2002, the United States requested consultations with Canada as regards matters concerning the export of wheat by the Canadian Wheat Board and the treatment accorded by Canada to grain imported into Canada.

According to the United States, the actions of the Government of Canada and the Canadian Wheat Board (entity enjoying exclusive rights to purchase and sell Western Canadian wheat for human consumption) related to export of wheat appear to be inconsistent with paragraphs 1(a) and 1(b) of Article XVII of GATT 1994.

Complaint by Argentina.

On 19 May 2004, Argentina requested consultations under Article 21.5 of the DSU. On 29 December 2005, Argentina, considering that the measures adopted by Chile to implement the recommendations and rulings of the DSB were inconsistent, inter alia , with Article 4.2 of the Agreement on Agriculture, the second sentence of Article II:1(b) of the GATT 1994, and hence, Article XVI:4 of the WTO Agreement, requested the establishment of an Article 21.5 compliance panel.