USTR Releases Annual Report on China's WTO Compliance

February 23, 2024

WASHINGTON – The Office of the United States Trade Representative today released its 2023 Report to Congress on China’s WTO Compliance, which details the Biden-Harris Administration’s assessment of the People’s Republic of China’s (PRC) membership in the World Trade Organization.
“China remains the biggest challenge to the international trading system established by the World Trade Organization. It has been 22 years since China acceded to the WTO, and China still embraces a state-directed, non-market approach to the economy and trade, which runs counter to the norms and principles embodied by the WTO,” said Ambassador Katherine Tai. “Even more problematic, China’s approach targets industries for global market domination by Chinese companies using an array of constantly evolving non-market policies and practices. This report details the breadth and scale of China’s non-market policies and practices and the serious harm that they cause to workers, businesses, and industries in the United States and around the world. It is a stark reminder that the members of the international trading system must continue to work together to defend our shared interests against these many harmful policies and practices, particularly in sectors targeted by China’s industrial plans.”
Over the last three years, the Biden-Harris Administration has pursued a multi-faceted strategy that accounts for the current realities in the U.S.-China trade relationship and the many challenges that the PRC poses for the United States and other trading partners, both now and in the future. Under President Biden’s leadership, the United States has invested at home in the industries of today and tomorrow. The Administration continues to take actions to address the PRC’s non-market excess capacity and distortions across key economic sectors. At the same time, President Biden continues to build a coalition of allies and partners to address the unique problems posed by the PRC and its non-market economic policies and practices. The United States has also pursued direct engagement with the PRC, where appropriate.
The 2023 Report to Congress on China’s WTO Compliance is the 21st report prepared pursuant to section 421 of the U.S.-China Relations Act of 2000 (P.L. 106-286), 22 U.S.C. § 6951 (the Act), which requires the United States Trade Representative to report annually to Congress on compliance by the People’s Republic of China with commitments made in connection with its accession to the World Trade Organization, including both multilateral commitments and any bilateral commitments made to the United States. The report covers calendar year 2023. It also incorporates the findings of the Overseas Compliance Program, as required by section 413(b)(2) of the Act, 22 U.S.C. § 6943(b)(2).
The full report can be found here.