Safeguard Measures on Certain Steel Products

Status: Pending

Subject: Agreement on Agriculture, GATT 1994,

Respondent: European Union

Complainant(s): Turkey,

Third Parties: Argentina, Brazil, Canada, United States, China, Chinese Taipei, Norway, Russian Federation, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Japan, Korea, India,

Dispute Number: DS595

Link to Dispute Site:

On March 13, 2020, Turkey requested consultations with the European Union concerning the provisional and definitive safeguard measures imposed by the European Union on imports of certain steel products and the investigation that led to the imposition of those measures.

Turkey claimed that the measures appear to be inconsistent with:

• Articles 2.1, 2.2, 3.1, 4.1(b), 4.1(c), 4.2, 4.2(a), 4.2(b), 4.2(c), 5.1, 5.2, 6, 7.1, 7.4 and 9.1 of the Agreement on Safeguards; and

• Articles I:1, II:1(b), XIII:1, XIII:2 and XIX:1(a) of the GATT 1994.

On July 16, 2020, Turkey requested the establishment of a panel. At its meeting on 29 July 2020, the DSB deferred the establishment of a panel.

At its meeting on August 28, 2020, the DSB established a panel. Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, India, Japan, Korea, Norway, the Russian Federation, Switzerland, Chinese Taipei, Ukraine, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and the United States reserved their third-party rights.

Following the agreement of the parties, the panel was composed on September 29, 2020.

Panel Proceedings
Brief Date Brief Description
05/28/2021 U.S. Third-Party Integrated Executive Summary 
05/21/2021 U.S. Third-Party Answers to Panel Questions 
05/05/2021 U.S. Third-Party Oral Statement
01/29/2021 U.S. Third-Party Submission