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Measures Concerning Sugar and Sugarcane (Guatemala)


Key Facts

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Short Title: India — Sugar and Sugarcane (Guatemala)
Respondent: India
Third Parties: Australia; Brazil; Canada; China; Colombia; Costa Rica; El Salvador; European Union; Honduras; Indonesia; Japan; Panama; Russian Federation; Thailand; United States;
Complaintant(s): Guatemala;
Dispute Number: DS581
Link to Dispute Site: https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/dispu_e/cases_e/ds581_e.htm
Dispute Subject(s): Agreement on Agriculture; SCM Agreement;
Dispute Status: Pending


On March 15, 2019, Guatemala requested consultations with India concerning domestic support measures allegedly maintained by India in favor of producers of sugarcane and sugar (domestic support measures), as well as all export subsidies that India allegedly provides for sugarcane and sugar (export subsidy measures). Guatemala claimed that the domestic support measures appear to be inconsistent with: • Articles 3.2, 6.3 and 7.2(b) of the Agreement on Agriculture. Guatemala claimed that the export subsidy measures appear to be inconsistent with: • Articles 3.3, 8, 9.1 and 10.1 of the Agreement on Agriculture; and • Article 3 of the SCM Agreement. Guatemala submitted, together with its consultations request, a statement of available evidence pursuant to Article 4.2 of the SCM Agreement. On March 27, 2019, Thailand requested to join the consultations. On March 28, Australia requested to join the consultations. On March 29, 2019, Brazil, Costa Rica and the Russian Federation requested to join the consultations. On April 1, 2019, the European Union requested to join the consultations. On July 11, 2019, Guatemala requested the establishment of a Panel. At its meeting on July 22, 2019, the DSB deferred the establishment of a panel. At its meeting on August 15, 2019, the DSB established a panel. Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, the European Union, Honduras, Indonesia, Japan, Panama, the Russian Federation, Thailand and the United States reserved their third-party rights. On October 16, 2019, Guatemala requested the Director-General to compose the panel. On October 28, 2019, the Director-General composed the panel.

Panel Proceedings
Brief Date Brief Description
04/09/2020 U.S. Third-Party Submission
04/08/2020 U.S. Comments on India’s Preliminary Ruling Request