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Measures Concerning Sugar and Sugarcane (Brazil)


Key Facts

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Short Title: India — Sugar and Sugarcane (Brazil)
Respondent: India
Third Parties: Canada; Colombia; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Panama; United States; China; European Union; Russian Federation; Japan; Australia; Indonesia; Thailand;
Complaintant(s): Brazil;
Dispute Number: DS579
Link to Dispute Site: https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/dispu_e/cases_e/ds579_e.htm
Dispute Subject(s): Agreement on Agriculture;
Dispute Status: Pending


On February 27, 2019, Brazil requested consultations with India concerning domestic support allegedly provided by India in favor of agricultural producers of sugarcane and sugar (domestic support measures), as well as all export subsidies that India allegedly provides for sugar and sugarcane (export subsidy measures).

Brazil claimed that the domestic support measures appear to be inconsistent with:

• Articles 3.2, 6.3 and 7.2(b) of the Agreement on Agriculture.

Brazil claimed that the export subsidy measures appear to be inconsistent with:

• Articles 3.3, 8, 9.1 and 10.1 of the Agreement on Agriculture.

On March 11, 2019, Guatemala requested to join the consultations. On March 12, 2019, Costa Rica and the European Union requested to join the consultations. On March 13, 2019, Australia requested to join the consultations. On March 14, 2019, Thailand requested to join the consultations.

On July 11, 2019, Brazil requested the establishment of a Panel. At its meeting on July 22, 2019, the DSB deferred the establishment of a panel.

At its meeting on August 15, 2019, the DSB established a panel. Australia, Canada, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, the European Union, Guatemala, Honduras, Indonesia, Japan, Panama, the Russian Federation, Thailand and the United States reserved their third-party rights.

On October 16, 2019, Brazil requested the Director-General to compose the panel.

On October 28, 2019, the Director-General composed the panel.
 

Panel Proceedings
Brief Date Brief Description
04/09/2020 U.S. Third-Party Submission
04/08/2020 U.S. Comments on India’s Preliminary Ruling Request