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Indonesia

On January 15, 2021, Malaysia requested consultations with the European Union (EU), France and Lithuania with respect to certain measures imposed by the EU and EU Member States concerning palm oil and oil palm crop-based biofuels from Malaysia.

Malaysia claimed that certain measures imposed by the EU (the EU renewable energy target, the criteria for determining the high ILUC-risk feedstock, and the sustainability and GHG emission savings criteria) appear to be inconsistent with:

On November 22, 2019, the European Union requested consultations with Indonesia regarding various measures concerning certain raw materials necessary for the production of stainless steel, as well as a cross-sectoral import duty exemption scheme conditional upon the use of domestic over imported goods.

On April 2, 2019, the European Union requested consultations with India concerning the tariff treatment that India accords to certain goods in the information and communications technology sector.

The European Union claimed that the measures appear to be inconsistent with Articles II:1(a) and II:1(b) of the GATT 1994.

On April 17, 2019, Singapore and Chinese Taipei, requested to join the consultations.

On April 18, 2019, Canada, Japan, Thailand and the United States requested to join the consultations. On April 19, 2019, China requested to join the consultations.

On December 9, 2019, Indonesia requested consultations with the European Union regarding certain measures imposed by the European Union and its member States concerning palm oil and oil palm crop-based biofuels from Indonesia. 

Indonesia claimed that the measures imposed by the European Union appear to be inconsistent with:

• Articles 2.1, 2.2, 2.4, 2.5, 2.8, 2.9, 5.1.1, 5.1.2, 5.2, 5.6, 5.8, 12.1 and 12.3 of the TBT Agreement; and

• Articles I:1, III:4, X:3(a) and XI:1 of the GATT 1994.

On April 2, 2019, the European Union requested consultations with Turkey regarding various measures concerning the production, importation and marketing of pharmaceutical products. The measures identified by the European Union include the following alleged acts: a localization requirement, a technology transfer requirement, an import ban on localized products, and a prioritization measure.

The European Union claimed that:

•  The localization requirement and the prioritization measure appear to be inconsistent with Article III:4 of the GATT 1994.

On March 15, 2019, Guatemala requested consultations with India concerning domestic support measures allegedly maintained by India in favor of producers of sugarcane and sugar (domestic support measures), as well as all export subsidies that India allegedly provides for sugarcane and sugar (export subsidy measures). Guatemala claimed that the domestic support measures appear to be inconsistent with: • Articles 3.2, 6.3 and 7.2(b) of the Agreement on Agriculture.

On February 27, 2019, Australia requested consultations with India concerning support allegedly provided by India in favor of producers of sugarcane and sugar (domestic support measures), as well as all export subsidies that India allegedly provides for sugar and sugarcane (export subsidy measures).

Australia claimed that the domestic support measures appear to be inconsistent with:

• Articles 3.2, 6.3 and 7.2(b) of the Agreement on Agriculture; and

• Article XVI of the GATT.

Australia claimed that the export subsidy measures appear to be inconsistent with:

On February 27, 2019, Brazil requested consultations with India concerning domestic support allegedly provided by India in favor of agricultural producers of sugarcane and sugar (domestic support measures), as well as all export subsidies that India allegedly provides for sugar and sugarcane (export subsidy measures).

Brazil claimed that the domestic support measures appear to be inconsistent with:

• Articles 3.2, 6.3 and 7.2(b) of the Agreement on Agriculture.

Brazil claimed that the export subsidy measures appear to be inconsistent with:

On July 16, 2018, the United States requested consultations with the European Union concerning the imposition by the European Union of additional duties with respect to certain products originating in the United States.

The United States claimed that the measures appear to be inconsistent with: • Articles I:1, II:1(a), and II:1(b) of the GATT 1994.