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Australia

On January 11, 2021, Costa Rica requested consultations with Panama regarding measures on the importation of a number of products originating in Costa Rica, including: strawberries, dairy products, bovine, pork, poultry and turkey meat products, fish food, fresh pineapple, and plantains and bananas.

Costa Rica claimed that the measures appear to be inconsistent with:

• Articles 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.1, 3.3, 5.1, 5.4, 5.5, 5.6, 5.7, 5.8, 6.1, 7, 8 and Annexes B and C of the SPS Agreement;

• Article 4.2 of the Agreement on Agriculture; and

On June 11, 2021, Japan requested consultations with China with respect to measures imposing anti-dumping duties on stainless steel billets, hot-rolled coils, and hot-rolled plates from Japan.

Japan claimed that these measures appear to be inconsistent with:

• Articles 1, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 4.1, 6.5, 6.5.1, 6.9, 12.2, and 12.2.2 of the Anti-Dumping Agreement; and

• Article VI of the GATT 1994.

On August 19, 2021, Japan requested the establishment of a panel. At its meeting on August 30, 2021, the DSB deferred the establishment of a panel.

On December 16, 2020, Australia requested consultations with China regarding certain measures imposing anti-dumping duties and countervailing duties on barley imported from Australia.

Australia claimed that the measures appear to be inconsistent with:

• Articles 1, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.4.2, 2.6, 3.1, 3.2, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 4.1, 5.1, 5.2, 5.2(i), 5.2(iv), 5.3, 5.4, 5.8, 6.1, 6.2, 6.4, 6.5.1, 6.6, 6.8, 6.9, 6.10, 6.13, 9.1, 9.2, 9.3, 12.2 and 12.2.2 and Annex II of the Anti-Dumping Agreement;

On January 15, 2021, Malaysia requested consultations with the European Union (EU), France and Lithuania with respect to certain measures imposed by the EU and EU Member States concerning palm oil and oil palm crop-based biofuels from Malaysia.

Malaysia claimed that certain measures imposed by the EU (the EU renewable energy target, the criteria for determining the high ILUC-risk feedstock, and the sustainability and GHG emission savings criteria) appear to be inconsistent with:

On December 9, 2019, Indonesia requested consultations with the European Union regarding certain measures imposed by the European Union and its member States concerning palm oil and oil palm crop-based biofuels from Indonesia. 

Indonesia claimed that the measures imposed by the European Union appear to be inconsistent with:

• Articles 2.1, 2.2, 2.4, 2.5, 2.8, 2.9, 5.1.1, 5.1.2, 5.2, 5.6, 5.8, 12.1 and 12.3 of the TBT Agreement; and

• Articles I:1, III:4, X:3(a) and XI:1 of the GATT 1994.

On March 15, 2019, Guatemala requested consultations with India concerning domestic support measures allegedly maintained by India in favor of producers of sugarcane and sugar (domestic support measures), as well as all export subsidies that India allegedly provides for sugarcane and sugar (export subsidy measures). Guatemala claimed that the domestic support measures appear to be inconsistent with: • Articles 3.2, 6.3 and 7.2(b) of the Agreement on Agriculture.

On February 27, 2019, Australia requested consultations with India concerning support allegedly provided by India in favor of producers of sugarcane and sugar (domestic support measures), as well as all export subsidies that India allegedly provides for sugar and sugarcane (export subsidy measures).

Australia claimed that the domestic support measures appear to be inconsistent with:

• Articles 3.2, 6.3 and 7.2(b) of the Agreement on Agriculture; and

• Article XVI of the GATT.

Australia claimed that the export subsidy measures appear to be inconsistent with:

On February 27, 2019, Brazil requested consultations with India concerning domestic support allegedly provided by India in favor of agricultural producers of sugarcane and sugar (domestic support measures), as well as all export subsidies that India allegedly provides for sugar and sugarcane (export subsidy measures).

Brazil claimed that the domestic support measures appear to be inconsistent with:

• Articles 3.2, 6.3 and 7.2(b) of the Agreement on Agriculture.

Brazil claimed that the export subsidy measures appear to be inconsistent with:

On January 29, 2019, the European Union requested consultations with the United States concerning the imposition of countervailing and anti-dumping duties on ripe olives from Spain, as well as the legislation that was the basis for the imposition of those duties.

The European Union claimed that the challenged measures appear to be inconsistent with:

• Articles 1.1(a), 1.1(b), 1.2, 2.1, 2.2, 2.4, 10, 12.1, 12.5, 12.8, 14, 15.1, 15.2, 15.5, 19.1, 19.3, 19.4 and 32.1 of the SCM Agreement;

• Articles 3.1, 3.2 and 3.5 of the Anti-Dumping Agreement; and