United States Announces Major Resolution on Key Trade Issues with India

June 22, 2023

Underscoring the close bilateral economic and trade relationship, the United States and India will terminate six WTO disputes; India will remove retaliatory tariffs on select U.S. products

WASHINGTON – United States Trade Representative Katherine Tai today announced that the United States and the Republic of India have agreed to terminate six outstanding disputes at the World Trade Organization.  India also agreed to remove retaliatory tariffs, which it had imposed in response to the U.S. Section 232 national security measures on steel and aluminum, on certain U.S. products, including chickpeas, lentils, almonds, walnuts, apples, boric acid, and diagnostic reagents. The Exchange of Letters between the United States and India is available here

These tariff cuts will restore and expand market opportunities for U.S. agricultural producers and manufacturers.  The resolution also maintains the integrity of the U.S. Section 232 measures.  This announcement comes as President Biden welcomed Prime Minister Narendra Modi to the United States for an Official State Visit.
“Prime Minister Modi’s visit has underscored the importance of the U.S.-India bilateral relationship and our cooperation on a range of shared priorities.  Today’s agreement represents the culmination of intensified bilateral engagement over the last two years, including through the U.S.-India Trade Policy Forum, to deepen our economic and trade ties,” said Ambassador Katherine Tai.  “As a result of our work, U.S. agricultural producers and manufacturers will now enjoy renewed access to a critical global market and we will strengthen our trade relationship with one of our closest partners.  I look forward to continue to working with my counterpart, Minister Goyal, as we identify additional ways to bring our people and our economies together.”
The six World Trade Organization disputes that will be terminated can be found below.  These include three disputes initiated by India and three disputes initiated by the United States.

  • United States  Countervailing Measures on Certain Hot-Rolled Carbon Steel Flat Products from India (DS436);
  • India  Certain Measures Relating to Solar Cells and Solar Modules (DS456);
  • United States  Certain Measures Relating to the Renewable Energy Sector (DS510);
  • India  Export Related Measures (DS541);
  • United States  Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products (DS547); and
  • India  Additional Duties on Certain Products from the United States (DS585).

In line with the close partnership highlighted by the Official State Visit of Prime Minister Modi, the agreement opens a new chapter of bilateral cooperation that will deepen and diversify the trade relationship between the United States and India.
The Joint Statement on the 13th Ministerial-level meeting of the United States-India Trade Policy Forum, which was held on January 11, 2023, can be found here.