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NAFTA at 10: A Success Story
· NAFTA has been a huge success for
the U.S. and its NAFTA partners. It has helped Americans work smarter, earn more and increase purchasing power.
It has contributed to more trade, higher productivity, better jobs, and higher
· In ten years of NAFTA, total
trade among the three countries has more than doubled, from $306 billion to $621 billion in 2003. That’s $1.7 billion in
trade every day.
· U.S. exports to Canada and Mexico
grew from $142 billion to $263 billion in NAFTA’s first ten years. And Mexican exports to the U.S. grew 242 percent,
improving lives and reducing poverty in Mexico.
· Some claimed NAFTA would
contribute to U.S. industrial decline and a “giant sucking sound.” But after NAFTA was passed in 1993:
o U.S. manufacturing output soared
in the 1990s, up 44% in real terms.
o U.S. employment grew over 20
million between 1993 and 2000.
o For private sector U.S. workers,
real hourly compensation rose by 14.7% from 1993 to 2003 (2nd quarter to second quarter); in the 10 years preceding
NAFTA the increase was 10.6%, or over a quarter less. U.S. manufacturing
wages increased dramatically, with real hourly compensation up by 14.4%
in the 10 years since NAFTA, more than double the 6.5% increase in the 10
years preceding NAFTA.
o Income gains and tax cuts from
NAFTA were worth up to $930 each year for the average U.S. household of four.
· By the end of 2002, U.S. exports
to Mexico of passenger vehicles and light trucks totaled $3.6 billion, 38 times greater than shipments in
· 80% of the increase in the U.S.
manufactures trade deficit in the last three years is attributable to reduced exports and weak demand overseas, not
· For Mexicans, NAFTA has resulted
in expanded exports, higher wages for Mexican workers, more foreign investment, and a stronger agriculture
· Mexico exported $143 billion to
its NAFTA partners in 2001, an increase of 232 percent from 1993… twice as fast as export growth to the rest of
· Growth in Mexican exports
accounted for more than half of the increase in Mexico’s real national income during the period from 1993 to 2001.
One of every five people in Mexico is employed in export-oriented jobs, and
fully half of the 3.5 million new jobs generated in Mexico in 1995-2000 were a result of
NAFTA and export growth.
· Employment in Mexico’s export
sector pays 37 percent more than jobs in the rest of the Mexican manufacturing sector.
· U.S. agricultural exports
increased by 100.4 percent to Mexico from 1993 to 2002. While NAFTA is criticized for “hurting Mexican farmers”, in
fact Mexican farm production increased by 50 percent from 1993 to