Content on this archived webpage is NOT UPDATED, and external links may not function. External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views contained therein.

Click here to go to the CURRENT USTR.GOV WEBSITE


NAFTA Good for Farmers, Good for America

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has been part of
the American economic success story of the 1990's and is an important part of America’s
economic future.

In particular, America’s farmers have benefitted greatly from
NAFTA, because it’s meant more export opportunities. Since NAFTA was approved in 1993, United States
agricultural exports to Mexico have nearly doubled. Mexico now imports $6.5 billion of United
States agricultural products making it our third largest agricultural market. United States exports of
agricultural products to Canada since implementation of NAFTA have increased 44 percent. Canada is the
second largest market for United States agricultural exports, with Canadians purchasing $7.6
billion worth of American products last year. Canada and Mexico purchased over 25 percent of the United
States agricultural product exported in 2000. American farmers can’t afford to lose access to
the NAFTA markets.

Current United States Department of Agriculture projections
anticipate an improvement in global agricultural demand and trade over the next several years, and
United States exports are projected to rise. Over the longer term, economic growth, especially in
developing countries, is projected tostrengthen, providing a solid foundation for future expansion in
global agricultural demand and trade.

It’s important to remember that United States agricultural imports
benefit consumers with lower prices and expanded choices.

NAFTA: Expanding American Agricultural Exports

Record U.S. Exports in 2000


• In 1993, before NAFTA, American exporters who wanted to sell to
Mexico faced trade barriers of about 10 percent, nearly five times the 2 percent rate
that the United States. imposed on Mexican goods. With NAFTA, Mexico’s average tariff has
already fallen to about 2 percent, creating more export opportunities for American

• Two-way trade between the United States and Mexico increased
more than 55 percent since 1994, reaching more than $11.6 billion.

• Record levels of exports to Mexico in 2000 include red meats,
processed fruits and vegetables, poultry meat, snack foods, fresh fruits, feeds and fodder and
rice. This broad cross section of commodities suggests the benefits of the NAFTA are widely
distributed across United States agriculture.

• U.S. pork producers credit NAFTA with their gains in market
share in Mexico for pork products, which increased 130 percent between 1994 and 2000.

From 1993 – 2000:

 - U.S. soybean
volume exports doubled to Mexico.

 - U.S. beef and
veal volume exports increased nearly five-fold to Mexico.

 - U.S. corn
volume exports increased eighteen-fold to Mexico. Mexico chose to expedite
its market openings for corn under NAFTA, to provide lower cost food
to its increasingly urban population and to ensure it had sufficient animal


• Since implementation of the United States-Canada Free Trade
Agreement in 1989 and continuing with NAFTA, the United States agricultural exports to
Canada have increased nearly five-fold.

• Many key United States commodities set export records in 2000 -
fresh vegetables, fresh fruits, snack foods, poultry meat, live animals, pet foods, dairy foods,
vegetable oils, and red meats to Canada.

• Exports of United States horticultural products to Canada have
increased almost 30 percent since 1994, reaching $3.3 billion in 2000.

From 1990 - 2000

 - U.S. beef and
veal volume exports to Canada increased 26 percent .

 - U.S. soybean
volume exports to Canada increased 15 percent .

 - U.S. corn
volume exports to Canada increased 125 percent.