WASHINGTON - The United States and Russia have reached an
agreement in principle on the parameters for market access for U.S. poultry, pork and beef. This
agreement represents a significant step forward in U.S.-Russian economic relations.
"This agreement ensures
American poultry, pork and beef exports to Russia at historical levels and
adds room to grow. American farmers and Russian consumers both win
here," said U.S. Trade Representative Robert B. Zoellick. "I'm pleased we
were able resolve a trade problem in a way that offers mutual benefits in the aftermath of the Cancun impasse.
This agreement also represents a positive step that will improve the overall context of Russia's WTO
Ambassador Allen Johnson, Chief U.S. Agriculture Negotiator and
Russian Deputy Minister of Economic Development and Trade Maxim Medvedkov agreed at a meeting
in Japan on new, more liberalizing growth parameters for U.S. exports of poultry, pork
and beef. Both countries will now need to take the appropriate steps to implement the
"This agreement provides
another opportunity for U.S. agricultural producers and industries to
benefit from trade,"
said Johnson. "Agricultural
trade issues are always difficult, but by working with key Members of Congress and industry at home and in other countries
abroad, solutions can be found. This is important for U.S. agriculture, because by solving problems
related to beef, pork and poultry, you also help farmers who produce feed grains and
The negotiations for this new accord were precipitated by the
Russian Government's introduction of restrictions on global imports of poultry, pork and beef in April
and May of this year. The new agreement establishes tariff-rate quota (TRQ) mechanisms whereby
the United States can export a specified quantity of a given commodity at a relatively low
tariff; any quantity exported above this allocation would be subject to a higher tariff.
Russia is the largest export market for U.S. poultry and the 5th
and 7th largest markets for U.S. pork and beef, respectively. U.S. poultry exports reached approximately
$700 million in 2001, but totaled less than $400 million in 2002 because of Russian restrictions.
Pork and beef exports have approached $100 million in recent years. The agreement preserves or expands
U.S. market shares for poultry, pork and beef exports based on historical levels and provides for
growth in all of these markets.
The new agreement on poultry, pork and beef market access includes
a number of elements related to the establishment and administration of the expanding TRQs. The
agreement includes: the time period for the TRQs; TRQ quantities; U.S. allocation of the overall TRQs;
U.S. market shares; growth rates for the TRQs; and in- and out-of quota duties. The agreement
encompasses issues related to the administration of the TRQs including: import licensing and
permits, minimum import prices, implementation issues and a consultative mechanism.
The National Pork Producers Council, National
Cattlemen=s Beef Association, National Chicken Council, USA Poultry and Egg Export Council, American Meat
Institute, and U.S. Meat Export Federation are all in support of the new accord.