Office of the United States Trade Representative
Benefits of Trade to States

Trade is essential to America’s economic growth, high standard of living, and job creation in the states. The U.S. is the world’s largest trading nation, exporting nearly $1.3 trillion in goods and services in 2005. Over one-fifth of the growth in U.S. GDP depended on exports in 2005. Domestically, manufacturing exports supported an estimated 5.2 million jobs (in 2002 - latest data), including 1 in 5 manufacturing jobs. Jobs supported by goods exports pay 13-18% higher than the average wage.

Every state in the Union depends upon trade for jobs. To give just a few examples, over 700,000 jobs in California are supported by U.S. manufactured goods exports. Nearly one-quarter of all manufacturing jobs in Massachusetts, and nearly 20 percent of all manufacturing jobs in Michigan were supported by exports (as of 2002). Iowa exported to 180 foreign markets in 2005 and is the nation’s 2nd largest exporter of agricultural products, with exports valued at over $4.0 billion.

Additionally, more than 5.1 million Americans have "insourced" jobs, drawing their paychecks from U.S. subsidiaries of overseas-based companies (as of 2004). Pennsylvania, for example, has 225,000 people employed by overseas-based companies. Nearly 127,000 jobs in Tennessee and 71,000 jobs in Alabama are the result of insourced jobs. Trade keeps our economy open, dynamic, and competitive, and helps ensure that America continues to be the best place in the world to do business.

Click Here for Benefits of Trade to Your State
Fact Sheets Related to State Issues
Speeches Related to State Issues
Trade Agreements Carefully Respect State Sovereignty
How USTR consults with State and Local Governments

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