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Rwanda

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AGOA Status: Rwanda is eligible for AGOA this year. It also qualifies for textile and apparel benefits.

Trade Agreements: The U.S.-Rwanda Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT) was entered into force in January 2012. The negotiations toward the BIT were launched in 2007 as one outcome of the consultations under the 2006 United States-Rwanda Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA). The most recent U.S.-Rwanda TIFA Council meeting was held in Washington in December, 2011.

The U.S. also signed Trade and Investment Framework Agreements (TIFA) with the East African Community (EAC) in 2008, and with the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) in 2001. Rwanda is a member of both regional organizations. USTR’s Africa Office is also leading U.S. efforts to forge a new trade and investment partnership with the East African Community.

U.S.-Rwanda Trade Facts

Rwanda is currently our 165th largest goods trading partner with $100 million in total (two way) goods trade during 2016. Goods exports totaled $75 million; goods imports totaled $26 million. The U.S. goods trade surplus with Rwanda was $49 million in 2016. 

According to the Department of Commerce, U.S. exports of goods to Rwanda supported an estimated 59 jobs in 2015 (latest data available). 

Exports

  • Rwanda was the United States' 153rd largest goods export market in 2016..

  • U.S. goods exports to Rwanda in 2016 were $75 million, up 422.8% ($60 million) from 2015 and up 539.0% from 2006.  

  • The top export categories (2-digit HS) in 2016 were: aircraft ($55 million), electrical machinery ($6 million), machinery ($5 million), pharmaceuticals ($3 million), and optical and medical instruments ($1 million).

  • U.S. total exports of agricultural products to Rwanda totaled $24 thousand in 2016.  

Imports

  • Rwanda was the United States' 153rd largest supplier of goods imports in 2016.

  • U.S. goods imports from Rwanda totaled $26 million in 2016, down 44.1% ($20 million) from 2015, but up 188.3% from 2006.  

  • The top import categories (2-digit HS) in 2016 were: coffee, tea & spice (coffee) ($18 million), ores, slag, and ash (tantalum) ($3 million), vegetable saps and extracts (pectates) ($2 million), leather products ($1 million), and wicker and basketware ($860 thousand).

  • U.S. total imports of agricultural products from Rwanda totaled $20 million in 2016. Leading categories include: coffee, unroasted ($17 million), tea, incl herb ($598 thousand), tree nuts ($236 thousand), processed fruit & vegetables ($23 thousand), and roasted & instant coffee ($19 thousand). 

Trade Balance

  • The U.S. trade balance with Rwanda shifted from a goods trade deficit of $31 million in 2015 to a goods trade surplus of $49 million in 2016. 

Investment

  • Data on U.S. FDI in Rwanda are unavailable. 

  • No data on Rwanda's FDI in the U.S. are available.  

NOTE: No services trade data with Rwanda are available.