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AGOA Status: On July 30, 2018, President Trump determined that Rwanda was out of compliance with AGOA’s eligibility requirements, and issued a proclamation suspending the application of duty-free treatment for all AGOA-eligible apparel products from Rwanda, effective July 31, 2018.

Trade Agreements: The U.S.-Rwanda Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT) was entered into force in January 2012. The negotiations toward the BIT were launched in 2007 as one outcome of the consultations under the 2006 United States-Rwanda Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA). The most recent U.S.-Rwanda TIFA Council meeting was held in Washington in December, 2011.

The U.S. also signed Trade and Investment Framework Agreements (TIFA) with the East African Community (EAC) in 2008, and with the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) in 2001. Rwanda is a member of both regional organizations. USTR’s Africa Office is also leading U.S. efforts to forge a new trade and investment partnership with the East African Community.

U.S.-Rwanda Trade Facts

Rwanda is currently our 167th largest goods trading partner with $110 million in total (two way) goods trade during 2017. Goods exports totaled $66 million; goods imports totaled $44 million. The U.S. goods trade surplus with Rwanda was $22 million in 2017.

According to the Department of Commerce, U.S. exports of goods to Rwanda supported an estimated 59 jobs in 2015 (latest data available).


  • Rwanda was the United States' 160th largest goods export market in 2017.

  • U.S. goods exports to Rwanda in 2017 were $66 million, down 11.4% ($9 million) from 2016 but up 312.1% from 2007.  

  • The top export categories (2-digit HS) in 2017 were: aircraft ($56 million), machinery ($3 million), optical and medical instruments ($2 million), electrical machinery ($2 million), and plastics ($881 thousand).

  • U.S. total exports of agricultural products to Rwanda totaled $88 thousand in 2017.  


  • Rwanda was the United States' 147th largest supplier of goods imports in 2017.

  • U.S. goods imports from Rwanda totaled $44 million in 2017, up 71.0% ($18 million) from 2016, and up 244.4% from 2007.  

  • The top import categories (2-digit HS) in 2017 were: coffee, tea & spice ($20 million), ores, slag, and ash ($18 million), knit apparel ($1 million), leather products ($1 million), and vegetable saps and extracts ($804 thousand).

  • U.S. total imports of agricultural products from Rwanda totaled $22 million in 2017. Leading categories include: coffee, unroasted ($20 million), tea, including herb ($503 thousand), tree nuts ($427 thousand), processed fruit & vegetables ($219 thousand), and essential oils ($10 thousand). 

Trade Balance

  • The U.S. goods trade surplus with Rwanda was $22 million in 2017, a 54.2% decrease ($27 million) over 2016. 


  • U.S. foreign direct investment (FDI) in Rwanda (stock) was $11 million in 2017, unchanged from 2016. There is no information on the distribution of U.S. FDI in Rwanda. 

  • No data on Rwanda's FDI in the U.S. are available. There is no information on the distribution of Rwanda FDI in the U.S.  

NOTE: No services trade data with Rwanda are available.