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AGOA Status: Rwanda is eligible for AGOA this year. It also qualifies for textile and apparel benefits.

Trade Agreements: The U.S.-Rwanda Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT) was entered into force in January 2012. The negotiations toward the BIT were launched in 2007 as one outcome of the consultations under the 2006 United States-Rwanda Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA). The most recent U.S.-Rwanda TIFA Council meeting was held in Washington in December, 2011.

The U.S. also signed Trade and Investment Framework Agreements (TIFA) with the East African Community (EAC) in 2008, and with the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) in 2001. Rwanda is a member of both regional organizations. USTR’s Africa Office is also leading U.S. efforts to forge a new trade and investment partnership with the East African Community.

U.S.-Rwanda Trade Facts

Rwanda is currently our 180th largest goods trading partner with $50 million in total (two way) goods trade during 2013. Goods exports totaled $25 million; Goods imports totaled $24 million. The U.S. goods trade surplus with Rwanda was $747 thousand in 2013.


Rwanda was the United States' 182nd largest goods export market in 2013.

U.S. goods exports to Rwanda in 2013 were $25 million, down 17.4% ($5 million) from 2012.

The top export categories (2-digit HS) in 2013 were: Pharmaceutical Products ($12 million), Machinery ($5 million), Optic and Medical Instruments ($3 million), Electrical Machinery ($2 million), and Special Other (donated articles and low value shipments) ($1 million).

U.S. exports of agricultural products to Rwanda totaled $100 thousand in 2013.

Ambassador Kirk and Rwandan President KagameAmbassador Ron Kirk and Rwandan President Paul Kagame
March 2012


Rwanda was the United States' 154th largest supplier of goods imports in 2013.

U.S. goods imports from Rwanda totaled $24 million in 2013, a 26.6% decrease ($9 million) from 2012. 

The five largest import categories in 2013 were: Spices, Coffee and Tea (coffee) ($17 million), Lac and Vegetable Saps (pectates) ($3 million), Ores, Slag, and Ash (tantalum) ($3 million), Other Base Metals (tungsten) ($332 thousand), and Straw, Esparto (basketwork) ($325 thousand).

U.S. imports of agricultural products from Rwanda totaled $20 million in 2013.  Largest category: coffee (unroasted) ($17 million).

Trade Balance

The U.S. goods trade with Rwanda went from a deficit of $3 million in 2012, to a surplus of  $747 thousand in 2013. U.S. foreign direct investment (FDI) in Rwanda (stock) was not available in 2012.


U.S. foreign direct investment (FDI) in Rwanda (stock) was $1 million in 2010 (latest data available), the same as in 2009. U.S. foreign direct investment (FDI) in Rwanda (stock) was not available in 2012.

Rwanda FDI in the United States (stock) was not available in 2012.

*NOTE: No services trade data with Rwanda is available.