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AGOA Status: Rwanda is eligible for AGOA this year. It also qualifies for textile and apparel benefits.

Trade Agreements: The U.S.-Rwanda Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT) was entered into force in January 2012. The negotiations toward the BIT were launched in 2007 as one outcome of the consultations under the 2006 United States-Rwanda Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA). The most recent U.S.-Rwanda TIFA Council meeting was held in Washington in December, 2011.

The U.S. also signed Trade and Investment Framework Agreements (TIFA) with the East African Community (EAC) in 2008, and with the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) in 2001. Rwanda is a member of both regional organizations. USTR’s Africa Office is also leading U.S. efforts to forge a new trade and investment partnership with the East African Community.

U.S.-Rwanda Trade Facts

Rwanda is currently our 177th largest goods trading partner with $60 million in total (two way) goods trade during 2015. Goods exports totaled $14 million; goods imports totaled $46 million. The U.S. goods trade deficit with Rwanda was $31 million in 2015.


Rwanda was the United States' 190th largest goods export market in 2015.

U.S. goods exports to Rwanda in 2015 were $14 million, down 33% ($7 million) from 2014 but up 36% from 2005. 

The top export categories (2-digit HS) in 2015 were: machinery ($3 million), pharmaceuticals ($3 million), special other(articles donated for relief) ($2 million), electrical machinery ($1 million), and optical and medical instruments ($1 million).

U.S. exports of agricultural products to Rwanda totaled $20 thousand in 2015.


Rwanda was the United States' 146th largest supplier of goods imports in 2015.

U.S. goods imports from Rwanda totaled $46 million in 2015, up 12% ($5 million) from 2014, and up 624% from 2005. 

The top import categories (2-digit HS) in 2015 were: coffee, tea & spice (coffee) ($24 million), ores, slag, and ash (tantalum ores) ($18 million), vegetable saps and extracts (pectates) ($2 million), wicker and basketware ($348 thousand), and leather products ($251 thousand).

U.S. imports of agricultural products from Rwanda totaled $26 million in 2015.

Trade Balance

The U.S. goods trade deficit with Rwanda was $31 million in 2015, a 61.1% increase ($12 million) over 2014.


Data on U.S. FDI in Rwanda are unavailable.

No data on Rwanda's FDI in the U.S. are available.


NOTE: No services trade data with Rwanda are available.